Global South

The Global South refers to countries often seen as developing, less developed, or underdeveloped, primarily located in Africa, Asia, and Latin America.

Global North

The Global North covers the developed regions such as North America, Europe, and Australia.

Cultural Backlash

Cultural backlash refers to a strong reaction against a global phenomenon. For example, Brexit is referred to as a cultural backlash against globalization and the European Union's role in it.


Ecocentrism denotes a nature-centered, as opposed to human-centered, global system of values.


Multipolarity refers to the distribution of power in which more than two states have similar amounts of power.